Construction materials are essential for all constructions. It could be anything from steel sheets used in building skyscrapers to the lumber used for homes and farms. The building is an ongoing operation that consumes a lot of energy and manpower, which adds up to the total energy consumption. So, construction materials must be able to withstand the test of time.
According to economists, construction is necessary for economic development and growth. Construction is the construction and maintenance of physical structures such as buildings, dams, bridges, tunnels, motorways, airports, highways, etc. approved by the governing bodies who granted the authority for the said structure, according to the current demand and capacity of the population. Approved Document 7: construction materials and workmanship give a rather wide definition of what construction materials are:
Wood is perhaps the most popular and widely used construction material, even though it’s very susceptible to decay and insect infestation. But wood is not only highly durable and strong but also highly versatile and adaptable. In addition to being versatile, it is a primary component of nature; therefore, it’s still used today for constructing buildings such as homes, buildings made from clay or stone, and various natural construction materials. Clay, however, has been known to have many disadvantages because it is soft, easily shaped by hammer and cracks easily. Clay also decays faster than other natural construction materials; hence, the use of clay tiles and bricks is still limited in some countries.